Legal Organisation of Water and Wastewater n Comparative Perspective Case of India
The history of water regulation in India is traceable to its colonial times. Indigenous struggles against colonialism led the British to adopt a more friendly stance towards the rights of the locals despite their environmental exploitation. Their subsequent water policies had two noteworthy aspects. First, they recognised a virtually unlimited right of a landowner to the groundwater under his land, and a limited right of a riparian owner to a reasonable share of the river water. Second, they sought to preserve and maintain embankments and recognise local water-related practices prevalent in the villages.