Bureaucratic Values in Development
The present work is the first full length empirical study which makes an attempt towards a comparative analysis of the role-perceptions, values, attitudes, orientation and behaviour of the field bureaucracy in India engaged in developmental and non developmental tasks in two different states. More specifically, it attempts to examine the theoretical dimensions of the socialisation process of Indian bureaucracy, the > socio-economic milieu, in which it operates, the educational system in which it is brought up and the framework of its vision in which it works. The findings of the study clearly indicate that the bureaucracy in India whether engaged in developmental or non-developmental tasks share the same role perceptions and values. The structural characteristics of bureaucracy, viz. hierarchy, division of labour, system of rules and impersonality are predominant in both segments of administration and in different territorial areas, and that these per se do not necessarily present obstacles in the process of development. In order to reorient the existing bureaucratic system to be able to subserve the needs of a development administration, the study suggests certain policy alternatives. Amongst other recommendations, it makes a strong plea for certain changes in the structural components of the bureauracy, viz. (a) a reduction in the number of levels in the decision-making process, specially in the organisation of the field offices; (b) vesting the officials in the field establishment with requisite authority and power to be able to take spot-decisions in the execution of developmental targets; (c) the reorganisation of the work amongst the field officials in such a manner so as to encourage team work with a determined leadership and direction in the implementation of development goals, and above all (d) a continuous process of socialization and training to inculcate in the officials the values of concern for community welfare, achievement of development targets and an attitude of service to the clientele.