Patrick Heller is a professor of sociology and international studies at Brown University. His main area of research is the comparative study of social inequality and democratic deepening. He is the author of The Labor of Development: Workers in the Transformation of Capitalism in Kerala, India (Cornell University Press, 1999) and co-author of Social Democracy and the Global Periphery (Cambridge University Press, 2006). He has published articles in Politics and Society, World Politics, World Development, Theory and Society, Social Forces, the Journal of African and Asian Studies, the International Journal of Urban and Regional Studies and the Journal of Development Studies. His most recent book - Bootstrapping Democracy (Stanford University Press) with Gianpaolo Baiocchi and Marcelo Silva - explores politics and institutional reform in Brazilian municipalities. Heller has also done research on urban inequality in South Africa, including GIS work on spatial patterns of service delivery (see http://www.s4.brown.edu/southafrica/homepage.htm). He is currently doing research on urban governance and transformation in India.