Budget Brief 2015-16: Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan

By Avani Kapur and Amee Misra
28 February 2015
  • Secondary education allocations have increased from 5,757 crore in FY 2009-10 to `9,184 crore in FY 2015-16. Correspondingly, allocations for RMSA have increased over 6-fold during the same period.
  • The scheme has suffered from several problems with respect to fund flows. In FY 2010-11, only 30% of the approved GOI share had been released. However, the rate of releases has improved of late. In FY 2014-15, GOI had released 51% of its approved share by November 2014.
  • There are delays in spending. Of the total funds available with states, only 50% were spent in FY 2013-14. There are also significant state variations. As of September 2014, Uttar Pradesh had spent 69% of its available funds, while West Bengal spent a mere 8%.
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) and Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) continue to be low. In 2013, the national GER stood at 77 and NER at 46. NER in Kerala was 74, while that of Bihar was 36.
  • In 2013, 79% of boys and 80% of girls passed the Class X exams. The annual dropout rate for Class IX and X was 14.5% in 2012.